Series AX - Irene Groll Collection

Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to Attorney General Translation: Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to Attorney General Letter from Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to A. Mayer, Cape Town, South Africa Translate: Letter from Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to A. Mayer, Cape Town, South Africa Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to A. Mayer, Cape Town, South Africa Translation: Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to A. Mayer, Cape Town, South Africa Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to Irene Kayem, Cape Town, South Africa Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to Irene Kayem, Cape Town Translation: Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to Irene Kayem, Cape Town Karl Welsch, Kaiserslautern, Germany to Albert Mayer, Cape Town, South Africa
Results 1 to 10 of 93 Show all

Reference code

ZA UCT BC1556_AX

Title

Irene Groll Collection

Date(s)

  • 1900-2008 (Creation)

Level of description

Series

Extent and medium

182 items

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The collection was donated to the Cape Town Holocaust Centre in 2017 by Nicholas Groll. It contains correspondence, documentation, publications, photographs ,and ephemera related to Irene Groll’s experience during the Holocaust, her efforts to claim for reparation from the late 1940s to the 1950s as well as her life after the Holocaust.

Scope and content

Irene Groll nee Kayem was born on the 10th of January 1933 to Adolf and Elisabeth in Steinbach am Glan, Germany. In November 1938 Adolf was arrested in the awake of Kristallnacht along with up to 30 000 Jewish men across Germany. Elisabeth decided to leave the town and moved with Irene to Ulmet, Germany to live with her mother. On the 22nd of October 1940 Irene and her family was deported and sent to Gurs Concentration Camp. While they were imprisoned in the camp Elisabeth sewed a cotton purse for Irene. Four months later they were moved to Rivesaltes. A few months later the Swiss Red Cross released Irene and a select group of children from the camp. She was moved to Palavas Les Flots. While she was on her way to Masgelier, her cousin Helene took her off the shuttle. They took her to live with them in Brive La Gaillarde, where she remained until after the war. Shortly, after the war she was reunited with her maternal grandparents Leon and Hilda Mayer in Drome, France. Unfortunately, her grandfather passed away before they could set sail for South Africa. Irene and her grandmother travelled by train through France and Spain to Portugal where they boarded the Cubango a cargo ship bound for Cape Town. On the 27th of August 1946 the ship docked in Cape Town. Irene and her grandmother went to live with her aunt Helene, uncle, Albert and two cousins in Vredehoek, Cape Town.
Shortly after Irene was released her parents were sent to Drancy Concentration Camp. In 1942 they were sent to Auschwitz where they perished. In 1949 Irene initiated a claim for restitution of her family’s assets and for their unlawful detention of her parents during the Holocaust. In 1956 she received restitution for her parents’ assets but was denied reparation for her parents’ unlawful detention.

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Alternative identifier(s)

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places